COVID-19: Half of UK’s First Wave Inpatients Developed At Least One Complication, Study Finds | UK News
Half of people admitted to hospital in the UK’s first wave of coronavirus developed at least one complication, study finds.
He examined more than 73,000 patients admitted with COVID and found that half (36,367) had developed one or more complications during their stay.
Kidney damage was the most common (24.3%), followed by lung problems (18.4%), followed by heart complications (12.3%).
People who had complications were nearly twice as likely to die and seven times as likely to need intensive care, according to study – headed by Professor Calum Semple of the University of Liverpool.
Researchers say these complications are different from the long symptoms of COVID developed by people who have had the virus but did not need hospital care.
The study found that even young and previously healthy people were affected, with 27% of 19 to 29 year olds and 37% of 30 to 39 year olds having a complication.
Thirteen percent of 19-29 year olds and 17% of 30-39 year olds were so severely affected that they were unable to look after themselves when they were released.
The figures cover January 17 through August 4 of last year, before vaccines became available and new variants emerged.
The study’s authors say it remains relevant in countering claims that COVID does not pose a risk to young and previously healthy adults, many of whom are not yet fully bitten.
“This work contradicts current accounts that COVID-19 is only dangerous in people with existing co-morbidities and the elderly,” Professor Semple said.
“The severity of the disease on admission is a predictor of complications even in young adults, so the prevention of complications requires a primary prevention strategy, i.e. vaccination,” he added. .
Patient complications were assessed at several points until discharge.
Of all 73,197 cases in the study, 56% were male and 81% had an underlying condition.
The average age was 71 years old. Almost one in three (23,092) has died.
Overall, there were complications in 50% of cases, including the 44% (21,784) who survived.
University of Edinburgh co-author Dr Thomas Drake said: “Our study shows that it is important to consider not only death from COVID-19, but other complications as well.
“This should provide policy makers with data to help them make decisions about combating the pandemic and planning for the future.
“We are still studying the participants in our study to understand the long-term effects of COVID-19 on their health. “
The study is published in The Lancet.